Springer Hybrid (DEAL)

How open are hybrid journals included in the German consortial transformative agreement Springer Hybrid (DEAL)? You can analyse progress made over time by open license, publisher and country. You can also monitor the availability of publisher-provided metadata in Crossref.

The share of Open Access articles with a Creative Commons license in 2,110 hybrid journals is as follows:

2017-2024

Global Germany*
15.4% 46.2%
282K out of 1.83M 46K out of 101K

2023

Global Germany*
21.3% 79.5%
56K out of 263K 9K out of 12K

*Journal articles from lead authors based in Germany. Country affiliation data derived from OpenAlex.

Creative Commons licenses over time

Percentage of Open Access in hybrid journals included in the German consortial transformative agreement Springer Hybrid (DEAL) by Creative Commons license types as provided by Crossref.

*Journal articles from lead authors based in Germany. Country affiliation data derived from OpenAlex.

Publishing market

Hybrid journal portfolio analysis, showing publishing market shares in terms of total and Open Access article volume. Dashed lines represent median OA percentage (red) and median publication output (orange). Note that only hybrid journals included in transformative agreements are shown.

*Journal articles from lead authors based in Germany. Country affiliation data derived from OpenAlex.

Country view

This section shows how hybrid open access has been adopted in different parts of the world. The analysis is based on the country affiliation of lead authors. Lead authors are the first named authors of scholarly articles, who have typically conducted most of the research presented in the article, although the role of lead authors can vary across disciplines. We used OpenAlex as a data source to determine the affiliation of lead authors.

Open Access in hybrid journals by country

Open Access uptake in hybrid journals with a Creative Commons license per country. Showing the Top 20 most productive countries in terms of articles published in hybrid journals included in the German consortial transformative agreement Springer Hybrid (DEAL) between 2017 and 2024. The analysis is based on lead author country affiliations.

Country league

Publication volume and Open Access share per country in hybrid journals included in the German consortial transformative agreement Springer Hybrid (DEAL). You can search for specific countries, and filter by publisher and publication year. The analysis is based on country-affiliations of lead authors.